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The Heart Rate in the Pregnant Woman

Sekhar Nani*

Department of Pharmacy, Siddhartha Institute of Pharmacy, Prakasam, India

*Corresponding author: Sekhar Nani
Department of Pharmacy
Siddhartha Institute of Pharmacy
Prakasam, India
Tel: +91 7386325335
E-mail: [email protected]

Received: May 03, 2021; Accepted: May 17, 2021; Published: May 24, 2021

Citation: Nani R (2021) The Heart Rate in the Pregnant Woman. Interv Cardiol J Vol.7 No.5:131 doi: 10.36648/2471-8157.7.5.131

 
Visit for more related articles at Interventional Cardiology Journal

Abstract

Heart rate normally increases in the pregnancy time, as the body works to pumps blood to the organs and placenta areas. Many of the pregnant people are also experiences a drop in blood pressure, especially in early-stage pregnancy. There are high chances to get of normal heart rates in pregnancy. By knowing the person’s prepregnancy the heart rate may help to predict their typical pregnancy heart rate. There is no standard explanation of a pregnancy in heart rate range is too high or too low. Instead of that the doctors look at a person’s baseline heart rate and how their heart rate changes over time.

Keywords

Heart Rate; Pregnant Woman; Uterus; Prepregnancy

Introduction

Meta-analysis looked at the heart rate increases in the pregnant people. The study also found that the average heart rate rises steadily through pregnancy stage. At tenth week the average heart rate was around 78 BPM. By fourth week, the average rate was 87 BPM. A person’s heart rate during pregnancy may be higher or lower than these figures it means the rate increases and decreases by sometimes if their prepregnancy heart rate is higher or lower. Brief heart palpitations and slight changes are occurring in pregnancy heart rate are very common. The study Trusted Source emphasizes that while these changes in the heart rate can signal a heart problem in rare cases most are nontoxic.

During pregnancy stage, the woman’s heart must work harder than normal because as the fetus grows and the heart must pump more blood to the uterus. By the end of pregnancy time, the uterus is receiving one fifth of the woman’s prepregnancy blood supply. During pregnancy, the amount of blood pumped by the heart cardiac output increases by the 40-60 percentage. After delivery, the cardiac output gradually decreases rapidly at first then more slowly. It come back to the prepregnancy level about sixth week after delivery. Activity of the kidneys are normally increasing when a person lies down and decreases when a person stands. This difference is amplified during pregnancy-one reason a pregnant woman needs to urinate frequently while trying to sleep. In the late pregnancy, lying on the side place particularly the left side, increases the kidney activity more than lying on the backside. Lying on the left side eases the pressure range that the enlarged uterus puts on the main vein that carries the blood from the legs. As a result, the blood flow develops and kidney activity increases. The uterus presses on the bladder area, reducing its size so that it fills with the urine more quickly than usual change. This pressure also makes a pregnant woman need to urinate the more often and more urgently.

Conclusion

The cardiovascular system undergoes significant structural and hemodynamic changes during pregnancy. There are major increases in cardiac output and a decrease in maternal systemic vascular resistance; the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system is significantly activated; and the heart and vasculature undergo remodeling. These adaptations allow adequate fatal growth and development, and maladaptation has been associated with fatal morbidity. Understanding the normal cardiovascular changes in the pregnancy is essential to caring for patients with cardiovascular diseases.

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