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Hypertension in Urban Areas: Hypertension Risk Factors in the Community of Banjar Pengiasan, Dauh Puri Kauh Village, West Denpasar Municipality, Bali

Hypertension is a serious medical condition that increases the risk of heart, kidney, brain diseases, and is a leading cause of premature death worldwide. Differences in the demographics, customs, and habits in an area result in differences in the main risk factor for hypertension. This study aimed to determine the risk factors for hypertension among the people in the Banjar Pengiasan community. We used a community based cross-sectional study with a sample of 125 people selected using simple random sampling was conducted among adults 30 years and older living in Banjar Pengiasan in July until October 2019. The study collected data on sociodemographic, stress, food, and physical activity using a questionnaire. Anthropometric, blood pressure, and total cholesterol measurements were performed following standard procedures. Multiple logistic regression was used for analysis and odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated to identify risk factors associated with hypertension. The prevalence of hypertension was 67.2%. The logistic regression analysis shows age [OR=18.576(CI95% 2.955-116.782)], family history [OR=10.480(CI95% 1.106-99.288)], total cholesterol [OR=12.628(CI95% 2.406-66.279)], obesity [OR=4.750(CI95% 1.240-20.060)], salt consumption [OR=6.069(CI95% 1.162-31.689)], physical activity [OR=9.191(CI95% 1.360-62.108)] and coffee consumption [OR=5.833(CI95% 1.031-33.009)] significantly associated with hypertension. Smoking, sex, and stress are not risk factors for hypertension. In this study, it was found that being >60years age, high total cholesterol, family history, low physical activity, high salt consumption, coffee consumption, and obesity are risk factors for hypertension. With these it expected that preventive efforts can be made to reduce the prevalence of hypertension.


P.Y. Pramana

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